Parkinson’s Diagnosis with Artificial Intelligence Technology

Parkinson’s is a chronic progressive degenerative nerve disease. This condition can get worse because it happens in the long run. Recently discovered the Parkinson diagnosis method with artificial intelligence technology.

According to Dr. Astrid Wulan Kusumoastuti, Parkinson’s is the second most common brain disease after Alzheimer’s.

“It is estimated that 1-3 percent of people over 65 years have this disease. But in the last few years, Parkinson has increasingly attacked younger people, namely the productive age group, early 40 years, “said Dr. Astrid.

Questioning the incidence of Parkinson’s in Indonesia, based on data from the Parkinson’s Care Foundation of Indonesia (YPPI), around 5 out of 1,000 people are 60 years old, and around 40 out of 1,000 people in 80s have Parkinson’s disease.

This data was then followed by records from the Indonesian Ministry of Health which stated the number of Parkindon patients in Asia would increase from 2.7 million in 2005 to 6.17 million in 2030.

The principle of treating Parkinson’s disease itself is to control complaints and symptoms of the disease as long as possible through treatment. Nevertheless, at this time there has not been found any therapy or surgery that can restore the nerve function.

Research and medical studies are continuing to find the right causes and therapies for Parkinson’s sufferers. One of the latest efforts made by researchers is to create artificial intelligence technology to diagnose Parkinson’s. How does it work?

Artificial intelligence technology for Parkinson’s diagnosis
Chinese tech giant Tencent and Medopad, a London-based medical firm, have worked together to use artificial intelligence in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. The tool captures the way the patient moves his hand to determine the severity of Parkinson’s symptoms that are experienced.

The research team has trained the existing system with patient videos that have been assessed by doctors, in collaboration with King’s College Hospital in London. This was revealed by Wei Fan, Head of the AI ​​(Artificial Intelligence) Tencent Medical Laboratory.

“We use AI to measure the degree of deterioration of patients with Parkinson’s without using sensors or any device,” he said.

The purpose of this study is to accelerate the process of assessing motor function which usually takes more than half an hour. Using smartphone technology developed by Medopad, a diagnosis of the patient is expected to take place in only three minutes — not even need to come to the hospital.

“Our ambition is to affect one billion patients worldwide. And to be able to reach such a scale, we need to work with partners who have international reach,” said one Medopad official, Dan Vahdat.

This artificial intelligence technology is not the only new technology created to treat Parkinson’s patients. Previously, two researchers at the Swiss Robotics Institute had worked on a smartphone application that would ask patients to do various exercises and then analyze the results.

The number of Parkinson’s sufferers around the world is expected to increase, because this is a condition that is often experienced by the elderly over time. Artificial intelligence technology is also being sought to make it easier for doctors to prescribe the treatment of Parkinson’s patients.

Overcoming Parkinson’s early on
While research using this technology is being developed, medical experts are still trying to deal with Parkinson’s disease, which is mostly experienced by the elderly.

“At present there has not been found any therapy or surgery that can restore this nerve function. Medical research and studies are continuing to find the causes and therapies for Parkinson’s, “said dr. Astrid.

However, one effort that can be done early is to regulate the patient’s nutritional intake. Good nutrition is very important, especially if the patient experiences depression or nausea due to the effects of the drug and the presence of bradykinesis or slowing down the patient’s reaction and movement in his activities.

Because, this will complicate the process of chewing or swallowing food, causing loss of appetite. To overcome this, give sufferers a soft textured diet so that it does not need to chew a lot.

In addition, adding fibrous foods such as agar is also useful for reducing the effects of obstipation, which is the inability to empty the intestines themselves, thus causing a buildup of feces.

Until now there are no vitamins or supplements that can reduce the symptoms of Parkinson’s. However, you can try eating fruits such as bananas, blueberries, strawberries and plums instead. These fruits are also useful for increasing patient endurance.

Indeed the right therapy for Parkinson’s sufferers has yet to be found. However, an earlier diagnosis can be made, for example by utilizing artificial intelligence technology that has just been created. The hope, with this technology, early treatment of Parkinson’s can be pursued, so that the severity of the disease will be reduced.